Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) TIMELINE
Significant Dates in Mojahedin History
(Rajavi cult, headed by Maryam Rajavi and Massoud Rajavi)
1965 People’s Mojahedin Organisation of Iran founded based on revolutionary armed struggle to free Iran from capitalism, imperialism, reactionary Islamic forces and despotism. Founder members Mohammad Hanif Nezhad, Saied Mohsen and Ali-Asghar Badi’Zadegan.
1966 Massoud Rajavi (born in Tabas, 1948) joined in 1966 when he studied political law at Tehran University. Massoud Rajavi later became the ideological leader of Mojahedin.
1969 Rajavi became a member of the 12 member Central Committee of the Mojahedin.
1971 Mojahedin started their armed struggle – killing 6 American advisors
1971 Mass-arrests of members by SAVAK (the shah’s secret service) including Massoud Rajavi. Kazem Rajavi the brother of Massoud Rajavi began an international campaign from Switzerland to have the death sentences of all Mojahedin prisoners commuted to life.
1972 All Central Committee members of Mojahedin executed except Massoud Rajavi.
February 1979 – Massoud Rajavi released from prison as the revolution swept away the monarchy. Rajavi became spokesman for the Mojahedin (later, Rajavi announced himself as the leader of Mojahedin). 12 member Central Committee including Massoud Rajavi take up leadership of Mojahedin.
4 November 1979 Occupation of the American Embassy in Tehran by ‘Students following the line of the Imam’. Rajavi and Mojahedin participated and later demanded the execution of Americans Captured
November 1979 Mojahedin militia formed. Rajavi still the spokes man and member of central committee of Mojahedin
1980 Presidential Elections in Iran for the Islamic Republic of Iran. Rajavi’s candidature for President rescinded by Khomeini. Rajavi stood on behalf of Mojahedin Khalq Organisation.
1980 Iraq invades southern Iran and war is declared between the two nations. Rajavi and Mojahedin refused to fight alongside Iranian army
May 1981 Khomeini dismisses Abol Hassan Bani Sadr as President. Mojahedin and Rajavi tried to distance Bani Sadr from Khomeini.
20th June 1981 (30th Khordad 1361) Mojahedin now headed my Massoud Rajavi hold a spontaneous demonstration of 500,000 supporters (Rajavi and Mojahedin claimed) who marched on parliament (Majlis). Khomeini orders crackdown and over 30 are killed. Beginning of mass arbitrary arrests and execution.
29th July 1981 Rajavi and Bani Sadr escape to Paris and together establish the National Council of Resistance of Iran. The NCRI has 12 members including the Mojahedin. Rajavi claimed to be the head of National Council or Resistance and not the representative of Mojahedin. Rajavi appointed another representative for Mojahedin.
8th February 1982 Mousa Khiabani the Mojahedin’s Commander inside Iran (who did not run away with Massoud Rajavi) is killed in a gun battle with Khomeini’s forces. Rajavi’s wife Ashraf Rabii is also killed. Massoud Rajavi marries Bani Sadr’s daughter Firouzeh in a mater of few months..
24th March 1983 Bani Sadr publicly announces his separation from the National Council of Resistance because of disagreements over Rajavi’s relations with Iraq. Massoud Rajavi had been getting very close to Saddam Hussein.
1983 Mojahedin forced out of bases in Iranian Kurdistan by Iranian Pasdaran. Rajavi signs a Peace Treaty with Iraq (Saddam Hussein) and Mojahedin forces establish camps in Iraqi Kurdistan.
1984 Rajavi divorces Firouzeh Bani Sadr. Rajavi claims to have done every thing to stop this but this is going to be a good thing for Mojahedin.
February 1985 Massoud Rajavi marries Maryam Abrishamchi (nee Azodanlou) in a public (members) ceremony after she divorces her husband, Central Committee member of Mojahedin Mehdi Abrishamchi. Massoud Rajavi declares himself and Maryam Rajavi co-leaders of the Mojahedin and terms this an ‘Ideological Revolution’. the marriage of Maryam Rajavi and Massoud Rajavi is the start of the path for Mojahedin to become "Rajavi cult"
14th April 1985 Massoud Rajavi and his new wife Maryam Rajavi expel the Kurdish Democratic Party led by Ghassemlou from the National Council of Resistance.
1986 France asks Rajavi to leave Paris.
June 1986 Massoud Rajavi and Maryam Rajavi take the Mojahedin and National Council of Resistance headquarters to Iraq.
June 1987 Mojahedin forces receive training from the Iraqi army and the National Liberation Army of Iran (NLA) is established. Maryam Rajavi appointed Deputy Commander in Chief of the NLA by Massoud Rajavi.
7 December 1987 The French government expel 14 Mojahedin members to Gabon a former French colony in Africa. Mojahedin establish hunger strikes in front of French embassies in Europe for over 40 days before the members are returned. Massoud Rajavi and his wife Maryam Rajavi send massages of Resistance agaist the French Government.
18 June 1988 Operation Chehel Cheraq into Iran reaches Mehran city. The joint operation of Mojahedin and Iraqi army is headed by Massoud and Maryam Rajavi.
3 July An Iranian airbus downed by USS Vincennes. All 293 passengers killed. Massoud Rajavi condemned the US action.
18 July 1988 Iran and Iraq accept UN Security Council Resolution 598 to end their eight year war. Massoud Rajavi and his wife Maryam Rajavi had claimed that the only way to peace is to over through of the Iranian Regime by Mojahedin.
25 July 1988 the Mojahedin headed by Massoud and Maryam Rajavi undertake operation Forouq-e Javidan, a military invasion of Iran which is ambushed by the Iranian military. Over 2000 Mojahedin forces are killed.
20 August 1988 cease-fire effective between Iran and Iraq after eight years of war.
3rd June 1989 death of Khomeini. Rajavi had claimed the the Iranian regime will be toppled by loosing it's head he did not attack Iran contrary to his words.
October 1989 Massoud Rajavi announces the Internal Revolution. Maryam Rajavi is appointed Secretary General of the Mojahedin. Massoud Rajavi declares himself ideological leader of the resistance movement. Married members of Mojahedin are required by leader ship (Massoud and Maryam Rajavi) to divorce.
1991 Massoud and Maryam Rajavi announce that the Mojahedin Central Committee expanded to several hundred members.
February 1991 The Gulf War. Rajavi orders children to be evacuated from Iraq and sent to the west for fostering.
March 1991 Morvarid operation in which Mojahedin forces use tanks to quell Kurdish rebellions in the north of Iraq. the suppration ordered by Saddam Hussein, carried out by Mojahedin was headed by Massoud and Maryam Rajavi.
18th October 1991 NLA (Mojahedin) military parade in presence of Massoud and Maryam Rajavi held in Ashraf camp, Iraq as a show of military strength.
19th October 1991 Eleven more members added to the National Council of Resistance making it 22 strong.
April 1992 Iran bombs Mojahedin bases in Iraq. Massoud and Maryam Rajavi survive the attack. Mojahedin and National Council of Resistance launch simultaneous arson attacks on Iranian embassies in thirteen western capitals.
21 December 1992 National Council of Resistance expanded from 21 to 150 members to include More Mojahedin personnel. NCRI officially becomes an extension of "Rajavi cult"
August 1993National Council of Resistance (headed by Rajavi) expanded to 235 members to include more Mojahedin personnel. National Council of Resistance sets up eighteen committees. National Council of Resistance (Headed by Massoud Rajavi) decides to elect Maryam Rajavi as President of the Democratic Islamic Republic of Iran [after overthrow of the current Islamic Republic of Iran].
10th August 1993 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) elect all-women Leadership Council of 12 members and 12 deputies. The Mojahedin Central Committee is trebled from 1991 levels to 2,600 members.
October 1993 Maryam Rajavi made President elect for the future Iran by the NCRI. Fahimeh Arvani appointed Secretary General of the Mojahedin. Massoud Rajavi the Ideological leader of the cult.
1993 Maryam Rajavi sent to France by Massoud Rajavi to win back western political support.
1994 US Foreign Affairs Committee commission the State Department to report on the Mojahedin (Rajavi Cult). The subsequent report describes the Mojahedin a personality cult and says that the organisation is terrorist in nature.
August 1995 National Council of Resistance expanded to 560 members (all Mojahedin members) . Committees increased from 18 to 25.
October 1995 Maryam Rajavi visits Norway and addresses City Hall, Oslo on behalf of Mojahedin and National Council of Resistance.
21 June 1996 Earl’s Court concert held in London. Maryam Rajavi speaks.
June 1996 Maryam Rajavi speaks to a private meeting of British parliamentarians.
August 1996 National Council of Resistance now has 572 members. Only 6 are political parties, including the Mojahedin organisation. over 90 percent are officially from Mojahedin Khalq Organisation (Rajvi Cult)
1996 Maryam Rajavi recalled to Iraq by her husband Massoud Rajavi after the failure of her mission.
1996 UK Charity Commission begins investigation into Iran Aid Charity over alleged fundraising for Mojahedin and Rajavi cult.
1997 UK Charity Commission close Iran Aid Charity.
1997 Mojahedin (Rajvi cult) withdraw all personnel to Iraq. Launch at least ten cross-border attacks on Iran.
October 1997 US State Department designates the Mojahedin headed by Rajavi a terrorist organisation according to the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of the same year.
April 1999 the Mojahedin headed by Massoud and Maryam Rajavi targeted key military officers and assassinated the deputy chief of the Iranian Armed Forces General Staff.
February 2000 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) launch operation Great Bahman with a dozen military attacks against Iran.
April 2000 the Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) attempted to assassinate the commander of the Nasr Headquarters, Tehran’s interagency board responsible for coordinating policies on Iraq.
2000 United Kingdom lists Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) as a proscribed organisation under the Terrorism Act 2000.
11 September 2001 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) make no comment on terrorism following the World Trade Centre disaster.
21 December 2001 German High Court closes 25 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) bases in Germany over social security misuse and fraud. Several million marks had been used to buy weapons.
2000 and 2001 the Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) was involved regularly in 213 mortar attacks and hit-and-run raids on Iranian military and law enforcement units and government buildings near the Iran-Iraq border.
May 2002 European Union places Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) on its list of terrorist entities.
18 April 2003 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) armed forces in Iraq agree a ceasefire with US Commanders
20 April 2003 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) armed forces in Iraq agree to disarm under US control
3 June 2003 Australian Federal Police raid 10 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) bases in Sydney, Brisbane and Melbourne
11 June 2003 Iranian students protest in Tehran
17 June 2003 French Police raid Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) headquarters in Paris - arrest leader's wife Maryam Rajavi and over 150 other Mojahedin members on the orders of the anti-terrorist judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere
20 June 2003 Anniversary of Mojahedin's mass demonstration in Iran 1981
20 June 2003 Four Iranians (From Rajavi cult) have so far taken part in the fire protests in London this week, after the arrests in Paris of 150 members of the Iranian opposition group, the People's Mojahedin or Rajavi cult.
24 July 2003 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) in Iraq refuse to allow families into their camps to visit their relatives
29 July 2003 News reports from Australia implicated Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) activists in an arson attack on a French school
29 July 2003 Maryam Rajavi the co leader of Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) in court. French judge questions Rajavi for 6 hours
15 August 2003 US State Department Amends Terrorist Designation of Mojahedin-e Khalq to add its aliases National Council of Resistance (NCR) and National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) now all official names for Rajavi cult are listed.
September 2003 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) repeatedly talked of as pawns in a power game between the Pentagon and Iran
11 September 2003 Richard Boucher in a State Department Press Briefing reiterated firstly that "the MEK (Mojahedin Khalq Organisation of Rajavi cult) is a terrorist organization; second of all, that we are not going to allow terrorist organizations to exist or operate inside Iraq."
27 September 2003 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) deny 300 families of Mojahedin members access to their relatives
2 October 2003 US State Department re-designates the Mojahedin and National Council of Resistance as terrorist entities
10 October 2003 Shirin Ebadi wins Nobel Peace Prize
14 October 2003 FOX News introduces Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) spokesman Alireza Jafarzadeh as its Iran expert
14 October 2003 Canadian Judge Gladys MacPherson rules Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) a terrorist organization prompting a crackdown on Mojahedin finances and activities there
16 October 2003 'Transformations may mark demise of Mojahedin'
22 October 2003 Continued speculation over a possible swap between Iran held Al Qaida operatives and US held Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) operatives
28 October 2003 Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee "We shouldn't have been signing a cease-fire with a foreign terrorist organization."
6 November 2003 German Intelligence Service exposes a Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) fraud
25 November 2003 Iran Ready to Offer Amnesty for Low Ranking Mojahedin Khalq Organisation (Rajavi cult) Members: Jalil Talabani
3 December 2003 British House of Lords Debate says fall of Saddam Hussein exposes Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) as international terrorists with six massive military bases inside Iraq
10 December 2003 Iraqi Governing Council votes unanimously to expel Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) from Iraq
26 December 2003 Earthquake in Bam, Iran
27 December 2003 Maryam Rajavi convenes meeting of top Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) officials in Europe to explore ways to exploit the Bam earthquake and raise funds under this banner
30 December 2003 Al Jazeera airs videotape secretly filmed by Saddam Hussein's Intelligence officials of Massoud Rajavi an Mojahedin accepting tanks, and money from Saddam's Secret Service
6 January 2004 Seventeen Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) members in US captivity in Iraq have links to Canada but Mojahedin will not let them go - demands whole terrorist organization be taken out together
14 January 2004 American Red Cross implicated in involvement in a Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) fundraiser ostensibly for Bam victims to be held January 24 to promote Maryam Rajavi and raise funds
21 January 2004 US Attorney General John Ashcroft to investigate a charity event for ties to an Iranian terrorist group (Mojahedin or Rajavi cult) backed by Saddam Hussein
22 January 2004 U.S. Rep. Tom Tancredo backed out of plans to speak at the fundraiser connected to the Mojahedin (Rajavi cult)
24 January 2004 Rajavi and Mojahedin's financial contacts with foreign terrorists in Norway uncovered
24 January 2004 Former Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) members hold press conference in Baghdad to demand help from the international community to free dissidents inside the organization who are in Mojahedin and Rajavi prisons
27 January 2004 Iraqi newspaper Al Mada revealed Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) received illegal oil money from Saddam
29 January 2004 Pentagon Advisor Richard Perle criticized for speaking at Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) fundraiser
6 February 2004 Sky News reports film showing Rajavi and Mojahedin plotting with Saddam's Security chief for terrorist activities inside and outside Iraq. The film includes transfer of large amounts of money to finance the operations or Rajavi and Mojahedin
16 March 2004 Families of Mojahedin members appeal to international agencies to stop Rajavi cult from preventing them visiting their relatives
17 March 2004 Five mojahedin members are killed in an armed clash with police in Iraq
14 April 2004 Italian police raid Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) bases in Italy - seize large amounts of documents and computers. Italian police acted to prevent the transfer of Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) HQ in Baghdad to Rome
15 April 2004 Canadian Intelligence Service briefs MP about Rajavi cult threat after he is misled into helping them
May 2004 US Department of State Patterns of Global Terrorism 2003 updates Mojahedin and National Council of Resistance (Rajavi cult) listing as terrorist entity
11 May 2004 Stat Roo magazine reports 12 women Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) leaders have refugee status revoked in Germany
17 May 2004 Nejat Association reports the continuing arrival in Iran of dissenting Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) who have fled Ashraf camp. Dissent is rife inside the camp say the escapees
24 May 2004 UK Labour MP Steve McCabe accused of supporting terrorism as he attends National Council of Resistance (Rajavi cult) meeting. In August 2003 the USA designated the National council of resistance (Rajavi cult) part of the MKO/PMOI (Mojahedin) terrorist entity
14 June 2004 Win Griffiths, MP, Sir Teddy Taylor, MP, an independent journalist and Iran-Interlink visit Ebrahim Khodabandeh and Jamil Bassam and other Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) prisoners in Evin prison, Tehran
17 June 2004 Former Mojahedin and Rajavi cult members seminar in Paris to raise awareness of Rajavi cult involvement in Iraqi terrorism, war crimes and human rights abuses
17 June 2004 One year anniversary of arrest of Maryam Azdonlou (aka Rajavi) in Paris. Azdonlou (Rajavi) is still awaiting trial on terrorism charges
30 June 2004 Ali Reza Jaafar Zadeh, Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) spokesman in FOX News, continues to be exposed as a peddler of unsubstantiated rumours
9 July 2004 US Court of Appeals upholds decision that National Council of Resistance and Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) are terrorist entities
26 July 2004 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) in Ashraf camp, Iraq granted 'protected status' under Fourth Geneva Convention. US State Department stresses it still regards Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) as a terrorist entity and is in talks to repatriate individual members to Iran on a voluntary basis
2 September 2004 Iranian judiciary prepares a complaint against Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) to present in to an Iraqi special court
13 September 2004 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) duped Swedish schoolchildren into attending a pro-Mojahedin demo in Brussels, along with paying tens of Afghan refugees to pose as Iranian supporters
14 September 2004 Jack Straw, UK Foreign Secretary told reporters there were no grounds for removing Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) from terror list: "they were and remain a terrorist organization".
29 September 2004 Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) agent in Germany arrested after kidnap attempt on former member in Cologne shopping street
30 September 2004 Chief U.S. weapons inspector Charles Duelfer reports Saddam Hussein used the United Nations-managed Oil-for-Food program to provide millions of dollars in subsidies to Mojahedin (Rajavi cult)
October 2004 First voluntary repatriations begun from Camp Ashraf under auspices of Red Cross and Red Crescent. Seven former Mojahedin members returned successfully to their families.
19 November 2004 Antiwar Americans and Iranians protest against Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) in Washington
20 November 2004 Draft statement for Sharm Al Sheikh conference deals with Mojahedin Khalq or Rajavi cult as a foreign terrorist group in Iraq
20 December 2004 A US federal appeals court Monday reinstated indictments against seven defendants accused of raising money for a terrorist organization Mojahedin Khalq or Rajavi cult with links to ousted Iraqi ruler Saddam Hussein.
20 December 2004 28 former Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) members voluntarily repatriated from Camp Ashraf.
12 January 2005 13 former Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) members voluntarily repatriated from Camp Ashraf.
10 February 2005 German police ban Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) rally in Berlin over fears of violence by the group.
24 February 2005 British academic Ali Ansari wins public apology after slander trial over comments made in the Mojahedin's book Enemies of the Ayatollahs by Mohammed Mohaddessin (Representative of Rajavi cult). Publisher Zed Books Ltd agreed not to republish the book and all relevant copies of the book had been recalled and the offending material destroyed
25 February 2005 Over 230 former Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) members attended a meeting in the ICRI office in Baghdad to formally request to be freed and repatriated to Iran.
9 March 2005 A new group of 132 former Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) members repatriated. Another group of 100 returned to Iran earlier this month.
29 March 2005 former Mojahedin (Rajavi cult) members protest to French parliament to help free Rajavi's captives from Iraqi camp.